Sleep disorders and insomnia occur when an individual has problems with their sleep cycle. Short periods of insomnia are common, however chronic sleep loss can contribute to many health problems such as: weight gain, high blood pressure, and can affect your immune system. People suffering from insomnia have difficulty falling asleep, wake up often during the night and have trouble going back to sleep, wake up too early in the morning, and feel tired throughout the day. People with insomnia have symptoms including sleepiness during the day, general tiredness, irritability, and problems with concentration or memory.
Insomnia is characterized in two types: primary and secondary. People with primary insomnia have sleep problems not directly associated with another health condition. Secondary insomnia, on the other hand, is a result of another condition such as asthma, depression, arthritis cancer, or heartburn, pain, medication they are taking, or other substance abuse.
Many things can cause insomnia, including stress, depression, anxiety, illness, emotional or physical discomfort, environmental factors (noise, light, temperature), and medications.
importance of sleep
The Harvard Women’s Health Watch suggests
six reasons to get enough sleep:
Learning and memory: Sleep helps the brain commit new information to memory through a process called memory consolidation. In studies, people who’d slept after learning a task did better on tests later.
Metabolism and weight: Chronic sleep deprivation may cause weight gain by affecting the way our bodies process and store carbohydrates, and by altering levels of hormones that affect our appetite.
Safety: Sleep debt contributes to a greater tendency to fall asleep during the daytime. These lapses may cause falls and mistakes such as medical errors, air traffic mishaps, and road accidents.
Mood: Sleep loss may result in irritability, impatience, inability to concentrate, and moodiness. Too little sleep can also leave you too tired to do the things you like to do.
Cardiovascular health: Serious sleep disorders have been linked to hypertension, increased stress hormone levels, and irregular heartbeat.
Disease: Sleep deprivation alters immune function, including the activity of the body’s killer cells. Keeping up with sleep may also help fight cancer.
treatment for insomnia
Practicing good sleep habits can often cure or prevent mild insomnia. Consult with your health care provider if your insomnia makes it hard for you to function during the day. Over-the-counter sleeping pills can have undesirable side effects and can lose their effectiveness over time. While treating an underlying condition for chronic insomnia, use ascents Sleep No. 91. These techniques along with relaxation, sleep restriction therapy and reconditioning maybe helpful.
tips for better sleep
Adopt a bedtime routine.
Keep distractions out of the bedroom.
Do not consume caffeine three hours before bedtime.